Author(s): Mylari BL, Armento SJ, Beebe DA, Conn EL, Coutcher JB,
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Abstract Discovery of a highly selective, potent, and safe non-carboxylic acid, non-hydantoin inhibitor of aldose reductase (AR) capable of potently blocking the excess glucose flux through the polyol pathway that prevails under diabetic conditions has been a long-standing challenge. In response, we did high-throughput screening of our internal libraries of compounds and identified 6-phenylsulfonylpyridazin-2H-3-one, 8, which showed modest inhibition of AR, both in vitro and in vivo. Initial structure-activity relationships concentrated on phenyl substituents and led to 6-(2,4-dichlorophenylsulfonyl)-2H-pyridazin-3-one, 8l, which was more potent than 8, both in vitro and in vivo. Incorporation of extant literature findings with other aldose reductase inhibitors, including zopolrestat, resulted in the title inhibitor, 19m, which is one of the most potent and highly selective non-carboxylic acid, non-hydantoin inhibitors of AR yet described (IC50, 1 nM; ED90 vs sciatic nerve sorbitol and fructose, respectively, 0.8 and 4.0 mg/kg). In rats, its oral bioavailability is 98\% and it has a favorable plasma t(1/2) (26 +/- 3 h).
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine