alexa A novel thermoresponsive hydrogel with ion-recognition property through supramolecular host-guest complexation.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Ju XJ, Chu LY, Liu L, Mi P, Lee YM

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Abstract A novel thermoresponsive hydrogel with ion-recognition property was prepared via free-radical cross-linking copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) with benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide (BCAm) as host receptor. Both chemical structures and stimuli-sensitive properties of the prepared poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide) P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogel were characterized. The smart hydrogel could respond to both temperature and ion stimuli. When the crown ether units captured Ba2+ and formed stable BCAm/Ba2+ host-guest complexes, the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of the hydrogel increased due to the repulsion among charged BCAm/Ba2+ complex groups and osmotic pressure within the hydrogel. Whereas crown ethers captured Cs+, the LCST shifted to a lower temperature because of the formation of 2:1 sandwich complexes. Unexpectedly, the LCST of the cross-linked P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) hydrogel in K+ solution did not shift to a higher temperature, which was definitely different from the previously reported linear P(NIPAM-co-BCAm) copolymer in K+ solution. The results of this work provide valuable information for development of dual thermo- and ion-responsive hydrogels which have potential applications in drug controlled-release systems or biomedical fields. This article was published in J Phys Chem B and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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