Author(s): Ichikawa K, Eki T
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Abstract Yeast-based genotoxicity testing systems can sensitively detect DNA damaging agents in the environment. We have developed a novel "indirect" reporter assay system based on a recombinant yeast containing both a sensor and a reporter plasmid. The sensor plasmid contains a gene encoding the artificial transcription factor of the Escherichia coli LexA DNA binding domain fused to the transcriptional activation domain of yeast Gal4p, which is regulated by the DNA damage-inducible RNR2 promoter. The reporter plasmid contains the E. coli lacZ gene with the LexA binding site in the 5'-upstream region, allowing transcriptional activation by the induced LexA-GAL4 protein. The activity of DNA damage-dependent beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) in the "indirect" reporter assay system was compared with that of a current yeast-based "direct" reporter system. The "indirect" system exhibited 1.5- to 5-fold greater beta-gal activity upon induction by alkylating agents or camptothecin. To increase the sensitivity of the new reporter system further, several deletion yeast strains were tested, and enhanced induction of reporter activity was observed in DNA repair-deficient mag1Delta cells. The "indirect" 96-well microtiter plate assay system is a potentially inexpensive and sensitive method for detecting genotoxic activities in a wide range of compounds, and in polluted environmental samples.
This article was published in J Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics