alexa A pathobiont of the microbiota balances host colonization and intestinal inflammation.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Chow J, Mazmanian SK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The gastrointestinal tract harbors a diverse microbiota that has coevolved with mammalian hosts. Though most associations are symbiotic or commensal, some resident bacteria (termed pathobionts) have the potential to cause disease. Bacterial type VI secretion systems (T6SSs) are one mechanism for forging host-microbial interactions. Here we reveal a protective role for the T6SS of Helicobacter hepaticus, a Gram-negative bacterium of the intestinal microbiota. H. hepaticus mutants with a defective T6SS display increased numbers within intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and during intestinal colonization. Remarkably, the T6SS directs an anti-inflammatory gene expression profile in IECs, and CD4+ T cells from mice colonized with T6SS mutants produce increased interleukin-17 in response to IECs presenting H. hepaticus antigens. Thus, the H. hepaticus T6SS limits colonization and intestinal inflammation, promoting a balanced relationship with the host. We propose that disruption of such balances contributes to human disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease and colon cancer. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cell Host Microbe and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords