alexa A peptidomics study reveals the impressive antimicrobial peptide arsenal of the wax moth Galleria mellonella.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Brown SE, Howard A, Kasprzak AB, Gordon KH, East PD

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Abstract The complete antimicrobial peptide repertoire of Galleria mellonella was investigated for the first time by LC/MS. Combining data from separate trypsin, Glu-C and Asp-N digests of immune hemolymph allowed detection of 18 known or putative G. mellonella antimicrobial peptides or proteins, namely lysozyme, moricin-like peptides (5), cecropins (2), gloverin, Gm proline-rich peptide 1, Gm proline-rich peptide 2, Gm anionic peptide 1 (P1-like), Gm anionic peptide 2, galiomicin, gallerimycin, inducible serine protease inhibitor 2, 6tox and heliocin-like peptide. Six of these were previously known only as nucleotide sequences, so this study provides the first evidence for expression of these genes. LC/MS data also provided insight into the expression and processing of the antimicrobial Gm proline-rich peptide 1. The gene for this peptide was isolated and shown to be unique to moths and to have an unusually long precursor region (495 bp). The precursor region contained other proline-rich peptides and LC/MS data suggested that these were being specifically processed and were present in hemolymph at very high levels. This study shows that G. mellonella can concurrently release an impressive array of at least 18 known or putative antimicrobial peptides from 10 families to defend itself against invading microbes. This article was published in Insect Biochem Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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