Author(s): Malcangio M, Tomlinson DR
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Abstract This study used streptozotocin (STZ; 50 mg/kg i.p.) diabetic rats and monitored weekly thermal and mechanical nociceptive thresholds for 8 weeks diabetes. Rats developed mechanical hyperalgesia as soon as 2 weeks after STZ injection. Thermal nociceptive threshold was not altered up to 8 weeks after STZ injection. Four week-diabetic rat mechanical hyperalgesia showed reduced sensitivity to the antinociceptive effect of morphine (5-20 mg/kg i.p.). Furthermore, a reduced sensitivity to the antinociceptive effect of the GABA(B) agonist, (+/-)baclofen, was observed. A dose as high as 16 mg/kg i.p. of (+/-)baclofen was necessary to reverse 4 week-diabetic rat hyperalgesia, whereas in control rats the highest antinociceptive dose devoid of muscle-relaxant effect was 4 mg/kg i.p. The non-peptide antagonist for the substance P, neurokinin, (NK1) receptor, RP 67580 (3-9 mg/kg i.p.) was not effective in reversing the mechanical hyperalgesia associated with 4 week-diabetes. A six day-treatment with an antagonist for the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor for glutamate, (+)MK-801 (0.1 mg/kg i.p. twice a day), gradually but completely reversed 4 week-diabetes-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. These data suggest that diabetes-induced hyperalgesia may be the consequence of increased activity of primary afferent fibres leading to an increased excitatory tone within the spinal cord. An increased release of glutamate and activation of the NMDA receptor, would maintain the hyperalgesic state. Reduced activity of both opioidergic and GABA(B)ergic inhibitory systems, might exacerbate the increased excitation thus contributing to the ongoing pain. It is suggested that NMDA receptor antagonists may constitute an alternative therapy for diabetic neuropathic pain.
This article was published in Pain
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism