Author(s): Lin TS, Stock W, Xu H, Phelps MA, Lucas MS,
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Abstract Apolizumab (Hu1D10), a humanized monoclonal anti- Human leukocyte antigen -DR beta-chain antibody, mediates apoptosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells in vitro. We conducted a phase I/II dose-escalation study of thrice-weekly apolizumab (1.5, 3.0, 5.0 mg/kg/dose) for 4 weeks in relapsed CLL. Two of six patients at 5.0 mg/kg/dose developed treatment-related dose-limiting toxicity (aseptic meningitis, hemolytic uremia). Other toxicities included infusion toxicity, urticaria, and headache. Eleven patients were enrolled in a phase I/II expansion to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 3.0 mg/kg/dose. In total, 23 patients were enrolled (22 CLL, 1 ALL). Nineteen patients with CLL were treated at or above the MTD. One partial response was observed, and three patients had stable disease exceeding 6 months. Pharmacokinetic analysis demonstrated a dose-dependent C(max) increase and serum antibody accumulation after week 1 of therapy. Given the toxicity and lack of efficacy in this and other trials in lymphoma and solid tumors, further development of apolizumab was discontinued.
This article was published in Leuk Lymphoma
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals