alexa A phase I study of recombinant human interleukin-21 (rIL-21) in combination with sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Grnwald V, Desar IM, Haanen J, Fiedler W, Mouritzen U,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: sunitinib induces partial responses in 47\% of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). However, the achievement of complete responses remains scarce and all patients will eventually develop progressive disease. Recombinant interleukin-21 (rIL-21) is a novel cytokine, which is believed to deliver sustained cellular anti-tumor response and the combination of both agents may work synergistically. MATERIAL AND METHOD: from July 2007 to July 2008 in this phase I trial nine therapy-naive patients with metastatic RCC in five European centers were enrolled. Patients with either good or intermediate risk according to Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) were eligible without restrictions to histology subtype nor measurable disease. Patients were treated with increasing doses of rIL-21 administered subcutaneously (s.c.) in combination with sunitinib 50 mg once daily (OD) orally at the '4 weeks on/2 weeks off' schedule. Dose-escalation was applied by a conventional '3+3 design'. Planned dose levels (DL) for rIL-21 were 3, 10, 30 and 100 microg/kg s.c. The primary endpoint was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (rd). secondary objectives included pharmacokinetics of sunitinib and ril-21, and the induction of ril-21 antibodies. RESULTS: at 10 microg/kg two dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) occurred in four patients, consisting of grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 thrombocytopenia. The MTD was 3 microg/kg rIL-21 combined with sunitinib 50 mg OD at the '4 weeks on/2 weeks off' schedule. Frequent occurring adverse events were injection site reaction, stomatitis, fatigue and dysgeusia. CONCLUSIONS: the combination of sunitinib 50 mg at the '4 weeks on/2 weeks off' schedule and 10 microg/kg IL-21 was not tolerated due to hematological DLTs. The dose level of 3 microg/kg rIL-21 was considered too low to be therapeutically relevant for further evaluation and therefore the study was discontinued. This article was published in Acta Oncol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords