Author(s): Wu TZ
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Abstract Humans can detect and differentiate the presence of different odours even at trace levels of these odorous compounds. The odour quantification of any particular samples is normally based on conventional panel decisions. Other analytical instruments could be used to detect trace levels of odorous molecules. This study presents the results of a biological sensor system subject to different odorants. The system consists of a sensor in which the isolated olfactory receptor proteins (ORPs) from bullfrogs (Rana spp.) were coated onto the surface of a piezoelectric (PZ) electrode, similar to the mechanism of human olfaction. The PZ crystal served as a signal transducer. The results indicate rapid (about 400 s), reversible, and longterm (up to 3 months) stable responses to different volatile compounds such as n-caproic acid, isoamyl acetate, n-decyl alcohol, beta-ionone, linalool, and ethyl caporate. The sensitivity of the sensor ranges from 10(-6)-10(-7) g, fully correlated with the olfactory threshold values of human noses. An array of six sensors consisting of five fractionated ORPs and one referenced phospholipid probe is able to respond to different odorants and form a typical fingerprint for each odorant.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics