alexa A poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase haplotype spanning the promoter region confers susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis.
Immunology

Immunology

International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy

Author(s): Pascual M, LpezNevot MA, Cliz R, Ferrer MA, Balsa A,

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) gene promoter polymorphism with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) predisposition. METHODS: An association study with 213 Spanish RA patients and 242 healthy subjects was carried out to investigate the association of all known PARP-1 gene promoter polymorphisms, i.e., a CA microsatellite repeat, a poly(A)(n), and 3 single point mutations (C410T, C1362T, and G1672A), with disease susceptibility. Additionally, we analyzed the distribution of PARP-1 polymorphisms in 58 Spanish families with 1 or more affected members. RESULTS: Upon complete genotyping of the panel of 455 samples, strong linkage disequilibrium was observed among the 5 PARP-1 polymorphisms. Only 2 PARP-1 haplotypes were detected: haplotype A (410T-[A](10)-[CA](10-12)-1362C, which includes short PARP-1 CA alleles) and haplotype B (410C-[A](11)-[CA](13-20)-1362T, always paired with long PARP-1 CA variants). Regarding the G1672A variation, although linkage disequilibrium was detected, it did not seem to be part of the conserved haplotypes described. Haplotype B was statistically overrepresented in the RA patient group compared with the healthy subjects (odds ratio 1.42, 95\% confidence interval 1.06-1.91, P = 0.019). In addition, a significant dose effect of PARP-1 haplotype carriage on disease predisposition was observed. Of note, within haplotype B, the PARP-1 CA 97-bp allele was found to be the RA-predisposing marker (odds ratio 2.17, 95\% confidence interval 1.27-3.72, P = 0.003, corrected P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate the existence of 2 unique PARP-1 haplotypes in the Spanish population and provide the first evidence that PARP-1 haplotypes play a role in susceptibility to RA. This article was published in Arthritis Rheum and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy

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