Author(s): Kang TJ, Lee SB, Chae GT
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Abstract Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is critical in the immune response to mycobacterial infections, and the mutations in the TLR2 have been shown to confer the susceptibility to infection with mycobacteria. We previously reported the detection of TLR2 Arg677Trp mutation in lepromatous leprosy. Here, the events triggered by TLR2 in response to cell lysate of Mycobacterium leprae(MLL), the causative agent of leprosy, were investigated. Upon stimulation with MLL, monocytes produced TNF-alpha and Interleukin-12 (IL-12), which play a role in the innate immune response to infection. Anti-TLR2 mAb blocked greater than 50\% of the MLL-induced production of IL-12. We also performed the functional study on TLR2 by measurement of IL-12 production in serum and monocytes from leprosy patients with TLR2 mutation (Arg677Trp). The monocytes obtained from patients with the TLR2 mutation, in comparison to the wild-type TLR2, is significantly less responsive to MLL. It was also confirmed that patients with TLR2 mutation showed significantly lower serum levels of IL-12, in comparing with TLR2 wild-type. Our results reveal that innate immune response of monocytes against M. lepraeis mediated by TLR2, and suggest that the mutation in the intracellular domain of TLR2 gene is associated with IL-12 production in lepromatous leprosy.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals