alexa A population-based study of cigarette smoking among illicit drug users in the United States.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Richter KP, Ahluwalia HK, Mosier MC, Nazir N, Ahluwalia JS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: People who use illicit drugs are thought to have high rates of cigarette smoking; however, few population-based studies have been reported. We describe smoking patterns among illicit drug users, assess whether cigarette smoking is more prevalent among illicit drug users than it is among non-users and explore how smoking relates to level and type of drug use. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: We used adult responses to the 1997 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (n = 16 661). Multivariate analyses used SUDAAN to adjust standard errors for the sampling design and controlled for age, race, sex, education, depression, treatment history and alcohol. MEASUREMENTS: Smoking rates, cessation rates and smoking levels. FINDINGS: Seventy-one per cent of recent illicit drug users smoked cigarettes at least once in the past month. Their adjusted odds of being a smoker were much greater than for the general population (OR = 3.07, P < 0.0001). Their quit rate, although substantial, was half that of non-users (23\% versus 56\%, P=0.0001). Odds of being a smoker were higher for poly- versus monodrug users (OR = 2.35, P=0.0020) and rose with increased drug use (OR = 1.36, P=0.0374). Illicit drug users who perceived smoking to be risky were four times less likely to smoke (OR = 0.23, P=0.0008). CONCLUSIONS: Although most recent illicit drug users smoke, some are able to quit. Better understanding of concurrent cigarette and illicit drug use may provide impetus for policy change and shed light on underlying mechanisms of addiction. Clinicians, policy makers and user advocates should address tobacco use in drug treatment and in harm reduction interventions.
This article was published in Addiction and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords