alexa A potent and selective nonpeptide antagonist of CXCR2 inhibits acute and chronic models of arthritis in the rabbit.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy

Author(s): Podolin PL, Bolognese BJ, Foley JJ, Schmidt DB, Buckley PT,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Much evidence implicates IL-8 as a major mediator of inflammation and joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis. The effects of IL-8 and its related ligands are mediated via two receptors, CXCR1 and CXCR2. In the present study, we demonstrate that a potent and selective nonpeptide antagonist of human CXCR2 potently inhibits (125)I-labeled human IL-8 binding to, and human IL-8-induced calcium mobilization mediated by, rabbit CXCR2 (IC(50) = 40.5 and 7.7 nM, respectively), but not rabbit CXCR1 (IC(50) = >1000 and 2200 nM, respectively). These data suggest that the rabbit is an appropriate species in which to examine the anti-inflammatory effects of a human CXCR2-selective antagonist. In two acute models of arthritis in the rabbit induced by knee joint injection of human IL-8 or LPS, and a chronic Ag (OVA)-induced arthritis model, administration of the antagonist at 25 mg/kg by mouth twice a day significantly reduced synovial fluid neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes. In addition, in the more robust LPS- and OVA-induced arthritis models, which were characterized by increased levels of proinflammatory mediators in the synovial fluid, TNF-alpha, IL-8, PGE(2), leukotriene B(4), and leukotriene C(4) levels were significantly reduced, as was erythrocyte sedimentation rate, possibly as a result of the observed decreases in serum TNF-alpha and IL-8 levels. In vitro, the antagonist potently inhibited human IL-8-induced chemotaxis of rabbit neutrophils (IC(50) = 0.75 nM), suggesting that inhibition of leukocyte migration into the knee joint is a likely mechanism by which the CXCR2 antagonist modulates disease.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]csonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords