alexa A predominant β-CGTase G1 engineered to elucidate the relationship between protein structure and product specificity
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Food & Industrial Microbiology

Author(s): Kian Mau Goh, Nor Muhammad Mahadi, Osman Hassan, Raja Noor Zaliha Raja Abdul Ra, Rosli Md Illias

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Low reaction yields and the high cost of obtaining a single type of pure CD make γ-CD costly. Using rational design and with the aid of 3D modeling structures, recombinant CGTase from Bacillus sp. G1 was molecularly engineered with the aim of producing a higher percentage of γ-CD. A single mutation at subsite −3, denoted H43T, was found to increase γ-CD production from 10% to approximately 39% using tapioca starch. This novel increment was probably the result of reduced steric hindrance to the formation of γ-CD because of the shortened side chain together with the shortened loop at positions 86–89, at substrate-binding subsite −3. A mutation (Tyr188 → Trp) and a deletion at loop 139–144 showed little effect on product specificity; however, mutagenesis at these sites affected cyclization, coupling and hydrolysis activities as well as the kinetic properties of the mutant CGTase. Based on rational design, three further mutations of the mutant H43T (denoted H43T/Δ(139–144)/S134T/A137V/L138D/V139I, H43T/S85G and H43T/Y87F) were constructed and produced γ-CD with yields of 20%, 20% and 39%, respectively. The mutant H43T/Δ(139–144)/S134T/A137V/L138D/V139I had very low cyclization and coupling activities, however their hydrolysis activity was retained. Double mutation (H43T/S85G) caused the enzyme to exhibit higher starch hydrolysis activity, approximately 26 times higher than the native CGTase G1. Although the mutants H43T and H43T/Y87F could produce the same percentage (39%) of γ-CD, the latter was more efficient as the total amount of CD produced was higher based on the Vmax and kcat values.

This article was published in Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic and referenced in Journal of Food & Industrial Microbiology

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