Author(s): Lee WY, Lin PC, Weng CH, Lin YL, Tsai WL
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Abstract BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: We observed in our institute a 13.6\% incidence of prolonged surgery (>4 hours) induced facial pressure ulcers that required prone positioning. Causes identified included: (1) customized silicon face pillows used were not suited for every patient; (2) our institute lacked a standard operating procedure for prone positioning; (3) our institute lacked a postoperative evaluation and audit procedure for facial pressure ulcers. PURPOSE: We designed a strategy to reduce post-prolonged surgery facial pressure ulcer incidence requiring prone positioning by 50\% (i.e., from 13.6\% to 6.8\%). RESOLUTIONS: We implemented the following: (1) Created a new water pillow to relieve facial pressure; (2) Implemented continuing education pressure ulcer prevention and evaluation; (3) Established protocols on standard care for prone-position patients and proper facial pressure ulcer identification; (4) Established a face pressure ulcers accident reporting mechanism; and (5) Established an audit mechanism facial pressure ulcer cases. RESULTS: After implementing the resolution measures, 116 patients underwent prolonged surgery in a prone position (mean operating time: 298 mins). None suffered from facial pressure ulcers. The measures effectively reduced the incidence of facial pressure ulcers from 13.6\% to 0.0\%. CONCLUSIONS: The project used a water pillow to relieve facial pressure and educated staff to recognize and evaluate pressure ulcers. These measures were demonstrated effective in reducing the incidence of facial pressure ulcers caused by prolonged prone positioning.
This article was published in Hu Li Za Zhi
and referenced in Journal of Nursing & Care