Author(s): Blackburn TM, Pyek P, Bacher S, Carlton JT, Duncan RP,
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Abstract There has been a dramatic growth in research on biological invasions over the past 20 years, but a mature understanding of the field has been hampered because invasion biologists concerned with different taxa and different environments have largely adopted different model frameworks for the invasion process, resulting in a confusing range of concepts, terms and definitions. In this review, we propose a unified framework for biological invasions that reconciles and integrates the key features of the most commonly used invasion frameworks into a single conceptual model that can be applied to all human-mediated invasions. The unified framework combines previous stage-based and barrier models, and provides a terminology and categorisation for populations at different points in the invasion process. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Trends Ecol Evol
and referenced in Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change