alexa A prospective randomized study comparing percutaneous nephrolithotomy under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia with percutaneous nephrolithotomy under general anesthesia.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Singh V, Sinha RJ, Sankhwar SN, Malik A

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: A prospective randomized study was executed to compare the surgical parameters and stone clearance in patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) under combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) versus those who underwent PNL under general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: Between January 2008 to December 2009, 64 patients with renal calculi were randomized into 2 groups and evaluated for the purpose of this study. Group 1 consisted of patients who underwent PNL under CSEA and Group 2 consisted of patients who underwent PNL under GA. The operative time, stone clearance rate, visual pain analog score, mean analgesic dose and mean hospital stay were compared amongst other parameters. RESULTS: The difference between visual pain analog score after the operation and the dose of analgesic requirement was significant on statistical analysis between both groups. CONCLUSION: PNL under CSEA is as effective and safe as PNL under GA. Patients who undergo PNL under CESA require lesser analgesic dose and have a shorter hospital stay. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. This article was published in Urol Int and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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