Author(s): Arnason A, Tenga A, Engebretsen L, Bahr R
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The mechanisms for football injuries are largely unknown. AIM: To describe the characteristics of injury situations in elite male football using a video-based method called football incident analysis. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: During the 1999 season, videotapes from 52 matches in the Icelandic elite football league were reviewed. Incidents (N = 95) were recorded when the match was interrupted by the referee because of a suspected injury. Team physical therapists recorded injuries prospectively (N = 28 time-loss injuries). RESULTS: Duels caused 84 of the incidents, mostly tackling duels (n = 54). The exposed player's attention appeared to be focused away from the opponent in 93\% of the cases. The 3 main mechanisms observed were (1) breakdown attacks, tackling from the side or the front, attention focused on the ball (24\%); (2) defensive tackling duels, attention focused on the ball or low ball control (20\%); and (3) heading duels, attention focused on the ball in the air (13\%). CONCLUSION: Most incidents and injuries occurred during breakdown attacks and when a player was involved in tackling duels. Player attention appeared to be focused mainly on the ball, not on the opponent challenging him to gain ball possession.
This article was published in Am J Sports Med
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies