Author(s): Buckley TC, Parker JD, Heggie J
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Abstract The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) was administered to 416 consecutive male admissions to a 28-day residential chemical dependence treatment program as part of a routine intake procedure. Psychometric analyses revealed that the BDI-II scores were internally consistent in this treatment-seeking population based on coefficient alpha. The mean BDI-II score for patients in this study was higher than that noted for other clinical samples in previous studies. The use of the BDI-II for clinical decision making with chemically dependent individuals is discussed in light of this elevated distribution of scores. Confirmatory factor-analytic examinations of the instrument revealed that a three-factor model, with cognitive, affective, and somatic symptoms loading as separate factors, provided the most adequate account of the data. In total, the study supported the use of the BDI-II for the assessment of depression in chemically dependent male patients entering a residential treatment program at a VAMC facility, provided population-specific normative data is utilized for making clinical decisions.
This article was published in J Subst Abuse Treat
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy