alexa A randomized controlled trial of intervention in fear of childbirth.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Clinics in Mother and Child Health

Author(s): Saisto T, SalmelaAro K, Nurmi JE, Knnen T, Halmesmki E

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare intensive and conventional therapy for severe fear of childbirth. METHODS: In Finland, 176 women who had fear of childbirth were randomly assigned at the 26th gestational week to have either intensive therapy (mean 3.8 +/- 1.0 sessions with obstetrician and one with midwife) or conventional therapy (mean 2.0 +/- 0.6 sessions), with follow-up 3 months postpartum. Pregnancy-related anxiety and concerns, satisfaction with childbirth, and puerperal depression were assessed with specific questionnaires. Power analysis, based on previous studies, showed that 74 women per group were necessary to show a 50\% reduction in cesarean rates. RESULTS: Birth-related concerns decreased in the intensive therapy group but increased in the conventional therapy group (linear interaction between the group and birth-concerns P =.022). Labor was shorter in the intensive therapy group (mean +/- standard deviation 6.8 +/- 3.8 hours) compared with the conventional group (8.5 +/- 4.8 hours, P =.039). After intervention, 62\% of those originally requesting a cesarean (n = 117) chose to deliver vaginally, equally in both groups. Cesarean was more frequent for those who refused to fill in the questionnaires than for those who completed them (57\% compared with 27\%, P =.001). In the log-linear model, parous women who had conventional therapy and refused to fill in the questionnaires chose a cesarean more often than expected (standardized residual 2.54, P =.011). There were no differences between groups in satisfaction with childbirth or in puerperal depression. CONCLUSION: Both kinds of therapy reduced unnecessary cesareans, more so in nulliparous and well-motivated women. With intensive therapy, pregnancy- and birth-related anxiety and concerns were reduced, and labors were shorter.
This article was published in Obstet Gynecol and referenced in Clinics in Mother and Child Health

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords