Author(s): Nguyen MH, Kruse A
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Tai chi exercise on balance, sleep quality, and cognitive performance in community-dwelling elderly in Vinh city, Vietnam. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred two subjects were recruited. INTERVENTION: Subjects were divided randomly into two groups. The Tai chi group was assigned 6 months' Tai chi training. The control group was instructed to maintain their routine daily activities. OUTCOME MEASURES: The Falls Efficacy Scale (FES), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Trail Making Test (TMT) were used as primary outcome measures. RESULTS: Participants in the Tai chi group reported significant improvement in TMT (part A) (F [1, 71] = 78.37, P < 0.001) and in TMT (part B), (F [1, 71] = 175.00, P < 0.001) in comparison with the control group. Tai chi participants also reported better scores in FES (F [1, 71] = 96.90, P < 0.001) and in PSQI (F [1,71] = 43.69, P = 0.001) than the control group. CONCLUSION: Tai chi is beneficial to improve balance, sleep quality, and cognitive performance of the elderly.
This article was published in Clin Interv Aging
and referenced in Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy