alexa A rare and unsuspected complication of Clostridium difficile infection.


Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Shaikh N, Kettern MA, Hanssens Y, Elshafie SS, Louon A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To report the occurrence of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) due to infection with Clostridium difficile. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Trauma intensive care unit (TICU) of Hamad General Hospital, a teaching hospital in Doha, Qatar. PATIENT: A 36-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle accident had severe traumatic brain injury and received ceftriaxone. On day 7, he developed severe abdominal distension and diarrhoea followed by paralytic ileus with oliguria, hyperkalaemia, and intra-abdominal hypertension. The patient's stool sample was positive for C. difficile toxin A and B MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: An ACS was diagnosed. The patient was successfully treated in the TICU by stopping the offending antibiotic and starting metronidazole plus neostigmine as a prokinetic agent. The fluid status was guided by pulse-induced continuous cardiac output, and frusemide was added to the treatment. With this aggressive management the abdominal pressure decreased and the renal function improved, with full recovery of renal function by day 21. Unfortunately the patient's Glasgow coma score (GCS) deteriorated, so percutaneous tracheostomy was performed. He was transferred to the neurosurgical ward on day 35. A week later he was shifted to the rehabilitation unit for further management. CONCLUSIONS: C. difficile colitis can cause intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and ACS. Rapid diagnosis, early aggressive supportive care, metronidazole and prokinetics are necessary to lower the morbidity and mortality of C. difficile colitis associated with IAH and ACS. This article was published in Intensive Care Med and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version