alexa A reassessment of the neurotoxicity of pyrethroid insecticides.
Veterinary Sciences

Veterinary Sciences

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology

Author(s): Ray DE, Fry JR

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The pyrethroids are a widely used class of insecticides to which there is significant human exposure. They are however generally regarded as safe to man, and there have been few reports of human fatalities. Their acute toxicity is dominated by pharmacological actions upon the central nervous system (CNS), predominantly mediated by prolongation of the kinetics of voltage-gated sodium channels, although other mechanisms operate. This review summarizes our present understanding of such actions and the pharmacological options to antagonize them. One significant problem is the very clear heterogeneity of pyrethroid sensitivity that is seen across sodium channel subtypes; however, the distribution and function of these across the central nervous system are poorly characterized. The review also provides an overview of recent studies that suggest additional effects of pyrethroids: developmental neurotoxicity, the production of neuronal death, and action mediated via pyrethroid metabolites. The evidence for these is at present equivocal, but all 3 carry important implications for human health. This article was published in Pharmacol Ther and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords