Author(s): Passioura T, Shen S, Symonds G, Dolnikov A
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Abstract Activating mutations of the N-ras gene occur at relatively high frequency in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Somewhat paradoxically, ectopic expression of activated N-ras in primary hematopoietic cells and myeloid cell lines (in some cases) can lead to inhibition of proliferation. Expression of mutant N-ras in murine hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells is sufficient to induce myeloid malignancies, but these pathologies occur with long latency. This suggests that mutations that disable the growth suppressive properties of N-ras in hematopoietic cells are required for the development of frank malignancy. In the present work, the growth suppression induced by a mutant N-ras gene in U937 myeloid cells was used as the basis to screen a retroviral cDNA library for genes that prevent mutant N-ras-induced growth suppression (i.e., putative cooperating oncogenes). This screen identified the gene for the transcription factor interferon regulatory factor-2 (IRF-2), and as confirmation of the screen, overexpression of this gene in U937 cells was shown to inhibit mutant N-ras-induced growth suppression. Also recovered from the screen were two truncated clones of an uncharacterized gene (interim official symbol: PP2135). Overexpression of this truncated PP2135 gene in U937 cells did not appear to abrogate mutant N-ras-induced growth suppression, but rather appeared to confer an increased sensitivity of U937 cells to retroviral infection, accounting for the recovery of this gene from the genetic screen.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy