Author(s): Modabbernia A, Ashrafi M, Malekzadeh R, Poustchi H
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Abstract Psychosocial issues and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are important components of care in patients diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B (CHBV). In this review, we searched Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar and the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) website (until January 2012) using relevant terms and we categorized the retrieved content into three areas: HRQOL, mental health, and psychosocial issues such as stigma and coping. Increasing severity of CHBV leads to a decline in HRQOL. Cirrhosis worsens HRQOL, whereas treatment and psycho-education improves it. Frequency of mood disorders seems to be increased in patients with CHBV, although not all studies have shown this trend. Some factors such as alcohol consumption and low social support negatively impact patients' mental health. Those with CHBV generally have better HRQOL and mental health than their hepatitis C (HCV) counterparts. Patients with psychiatric disorders, particularly those with prolonged institutionalization, have a generally higher risk of acquiring CHBV infection compared to the general population. Robust studies regarding the stigma in patients with CHBV are lacking, although some studies have suggested a higher degree of perceived stigma in these patients. HRQOL and mental health are significantly affected in CHBV patients, particularly in those with more severe forms of the disease. There are few studies that addressed the effects of intervention in CHBV patients with psychosocial problems. Other subjects necessitating additional research include stigma, coping mechanisms, and other less common, yet important psychosomatic disorders.
This article was published in Arch Iran Med
and referenced in Alternative & Integrative Medicine