alexa A role for the polyol pathway in the early neuroretinal apoptosis and glial changes induced by diabetes in the rat.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Author(s): Asnaghi V, Gerhardinger C, Hoehn T, Adeboje A, Lorenzi M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We tested the hypothesis that the apoptosis of inner retina neurons and increased expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) observed in the rat after a short duration of diabetes are mediated by polyol pathway activity. Rats with 10 weeks of streptozotocin-induced diabetes and GHb levels of 16 +/- 2\% (mean +/- SD) showed increased retinal levels of sorbitol and fructose, attenuation of GFAP immunostaining in astrocytes, appearance of prominent GFAP expression in Müller glial cells, and a fourfold increase in the number of apoptotic neurons when compared with nondiabetic rats. The cells undergoing apoptosis were immunoreactive for aldose reductase. Sorbinil, an inhibitor of aldose reductase, prevented all abnormalities. Intensive insulin treatment also prevented most abnormalities, despite reducing GHb only to 12 +/- 1\%. Diabetic mice, known to have much lower aldose reductase activity in other tissues when compared with rats, did not accumulate sorbitol and fructose in the retina and were protected from neuronal apoptosis and GFAP changes in the presence of GHb levels of 14 +/- 2\%. This work documents discrete cellular consequences of polyol pathway activity in the retina, and it suggests that activation of the pathway and "retinal neuropathy" require severe hyperglycemia and/or high activity of aldose reductase. These findings have implications for how to evaluate the role of the polyol pathway in diabetic retinopathy.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd Antibodies and Bio Therapeutics Congress & B2B
    November 08-09, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
  • 19th World Congress on Biotechnology
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • 4th World Conference on Synthetic Biology and Genetic Engineering
    November 9-10, 2017 Singapore City, Singapore

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version