Author(s): Yousef MI, Bertheussen K, Ibrahim HZ, Helmi S, Seehy MA,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract A sensitive sperm-motility test for the evaluation of cytotoxic effects of carbofuran and glyphosate in a defined protein-free culture medium is described. The sperm motility was compared to that obtained with a protein-containing medium. The use of protein-free medium considerably increased the sensitivity of sperm cells from rabbit and human to the toxic effects of the pesticide. The respective IC50 values (the concentration needed to cause 50\% inhibition of sperm motility) in protein-free medium of carbofuran and glyphosate were 321 and 48.2 microM with human sperm, and 116 and 23.5 microM with rabbit sperm. Whereas, the corresponding values in protein-containing medium were 920 and 740 microM, and 910 and 500 microM with human and rabbit sperm, respectively. Our results show that testing human and rabbit sperm in protein-free medium proves to be a more sensitive method than that in protein-containing medium. Additionally, the use of rabbit sperm is a more sensitive test system than human sperm. This study suggests that the rabbit sperm test appears to have a potential for the assessment of toxicity on human reproduction.
This article was published in J Environ Sci Health B
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access