Author(s): Salzler HR, Tatomer DC, Malek PY, McDaniel SL, Orlando AN, , Salzler HR, Tatomer DC, Malek PY, McDaniel SL, Orlando AN,
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Abstract Compartmentalization of RNA biosynthetic factors into nuclear bodies (NBs) is a ubiquitous feature of eukaryotic cells. How NBs initially assemble and ultimately affect gene expression remains unresolved. The histone locus body (HLB) contains factors necessary for replication-coupled histone messenger RNA transcription and processing and associates with histone gene clusters. Using a transgenic assay for ectopic Drosophila HLB assembly, we show that a sequence located between, and transcription from, the divergently transcribed H3-H4 genes nucleates HLB formation and activates other histone genes in the histone gene cluster. In the absence of transcription from the H3-H4 promoter, "proto-HLBs" (containing only a subset of HLB components) form, and the adjacent histone H2a-H2b genes are not expressed. Proto-HLBs also transiently form in mutant embryos with the histone locus deleted. We conclude that HLB assembly occurs through a stepwise process involving stochastic interactions of individual components that localize to a specific sequence in the H3-H4 promoter. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Dev Cell
and referenced in Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology