alexa A simplified nonlinear dynamic model for the analysis of pipe structures with bolted flange joints


Journal of Steel Structures & Construction

Author(s): Yu Luan, Zhenqun Guan, G D Cheng, Song Liu

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Bolted flange joints are widely used in engineering structures; however, the dynamic behavior of this connection is complex in nature. In this paper, a simplified nonlinear dynamic model with bi-linear springs is proposed and validated for pipe structures with bolted flange joints. First, static mechanical properties of the bolted flange joint are investigated. The analytical solution reveals that the axial stiffness of the bolted flange joint is different in tension and compression. Then, nonlinear springs with different stiffness in tension and compression are employed to represent the bolted flange joint. A special type of dynamic behavior, coupling vibration in the transverse and longitudinal directions, is observed in analytical derivation. Finally, relevant physical experiments and numerical simulations are performed. The physical experiments confirm the existence of the coupling vibration behavior. The relationship of longitudinal and transverse vibration frequencies is discussed. The numerical solutions reveal that the simplified nonlinear dynamic model better fits the physical response than conventional reduced linear beam model.Highlights► A simplified nonlinear dynamic model is proposed using bi-linear springs. ► Coupling dynamic response of transversal and axial directions is recognized. ► Relation between the axial and transversal frequencies is predicted. ► The theoretical conclusions are confirmed by dynamic experiment. ► Numerical results of proposed model agree with experiment in both directions.

This article was published in Journal of Sound and Vibration and referenced in Journal of Steel Structures & Construction

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