alexa A Simplified Soil and Plant Phosphorus Model: I. Documentation
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research

Author(s): C A Jones, C V Cole, A N Sharpley, J R Williams

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The structure of a simple soil and plant P model designed for use in the Erosion-Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC) agriculture management model is described. The model maintains pools of stable, active, and labile inorganic P; fresh organic and stable organic P; and grain, stover and root P. The model has a daily time step, simulates P uptake and transformations in up to ten soil layers of variable thickness, and is sensitive to soil chemical and physical properties, crop P requirements, tillage practice, fertilizer rate, soil temperature, and soil water content. Fertilizer P is added to the labile inorganic P pool which is in rapid equilibrium with the active inorganic P pool. The relative sizes of the labile and active inorganic pools are soil specific and are based on soil classification, texture, and chemical properties. Movement of active inorganic P to the stable inorganic P pool simulates slow adsorption of inorganic P. Crop P uptake from a soil layer is sensitive to crop P demand and the amounts of labile P, soil water, and roots in the layer. Stover and root P are added to the fresh organic P pool upon their death and/or incorporation into the soil. Decomposition of fresh and stable organic matter may result in net immobilization of labile P or net mineralization of organic P.

This article was published in Soil Science Society of America Journal and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research

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