Author(s): Klinman DM, Tross D
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Abstract Exposure to anthrax leaves susceptible hosts at prolonged risk of infection since spores can persist in vivo for months before germinating to cause life-threatening disease. Anthrax vaccine adsorbed (AVA, the licensed US vaccine) induces immunity too slowly to protect susceptible individuals post-exposure. Antibiotics prevent the proliferation of vegetative bacilli but do not block latent spores from germinating. Thus, anthrax-exposed individuals must remain on antibiotic therapy for months to eliminate the threat posed by delayed spore germination. Unfortunately, long-term antibiotic treatment is poorly tolerated and frequently discontinued. This work explores whether administering a single dose of a long-acting antibiotic (Dalbavancin) combined with a rapidly immunogenic vaccine/adjuvant combination can provide seamless protection from anthrax with minimal patient compliance. Results show that significant protection is achieved by delivering a single dose of this therapeutic combination any time before through 3 days after anthrax exposure.
This article was published in Vaccine
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense