Author(s): Mack M, Riethmller G, Kufer P
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Abstract Construction of a bispecific single-chain antibody derivative is described that consists of two different single-chain Fv fragments joined through a Gly-Ser linker. One specificity of the two Fv fragments is directed against the CD3 antigen of human T cells and the other is directed against the epithelial 17-1A antigen; the latter had been found in a clinical trial to be a suitable target for antibody therapy of minimal residual colorectal cancer. The construct could be expressed in CHO cells as a fully functional protein, while its periplasmic expression in Escherichia coli resulted in a nonfunctional protein only. The antigen-binding properties of the bispecific single-chain antibody are indistinguishable from those of the corresponding univalent single-chain Fv fragments. By redirecting human peripheral T lymphocytes against 17-1A-positive tumor cells, the bispecific antibody proved to be highly cytotoxic at nanomolar concentrations as demonstrated by 51Cr release assay on various cell lines. The described bispecific construct has a molecular mass of 60 kDa and can be easily purified by its C-terminal histidine tail on a Ni-NTA chromatography column. As bispecific antibodies have already been shown to be effective in vivo in experimental tumor systems as well as in phase-one clinical trials, the small CD3/17-1A-bispecific antibody may be more efficacious than intact antibodies against minimal residual cancer cells.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion