Author(s): Lee GJ, Vierling E
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Abstract Small heat shock proteins (sHsps) are a diverse group of heat-induced proteins that are conserved in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and are especially abundant in plants. Recent in vitro data indicate that sHsps act as molecular chaperones to prevent thermal aggregation of proteins by binding non-native intermediates, which can then be refolded in an ATP-dependent fashion by other chaperones. We used heat-denatured firefly luciferase (Luc) bound to pea (Pisum sativum) Hsp18.1 as a model to define the minimum chaperone system required for refolding of a sHsp-bound substrate. Heat-denatured Luc bound to Hsp18.1 was effectively refolded either with Hsc/Hsp70 from diverse eukaryotes plus the DnaJ homologs Hdj1 and Ydj1 (maximum = 97\% Luc reactivation with k(ob) = 1.0 x 10(-2)/min), or with prokaryotic Escherichia coli DnaK plus DnaJ and GrpE (100\% Luc reactivation, k(ob) = 11.3 x 10(-2)/min). Furthermore, we show that Hsp18.1 is more effective in preventing Luc thermal aggregation than the Hsc70 or DnaK systems, and that Hsp18.1 enhances the yields of refolded Luc even when other chaperones are present during heat inactivation. These findings integrate the aggregation-preventive activity of sHsps with the protein-folding activity of the Hsp70 system and define an in vitro system for further investigation of the mechanism of sHsp action.
This article was published in Plant Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development