alexa [A study of phenotype and function of dendritic cells and secretory cytokine in allergic asthmatic patients].
Immunology

Immunology

Immunochemistry & Immunopathology

Author(s): Mao GY, Yang J, Chen HB, Guo W, Nie HX

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the deficiency of the expression of the phenotypes (CD(1a), CD(83), CD(40), CD(86)) and cytokines (IL-12 and IL-10) by human peripheral blood monocyte (PBMC)-derived dendritic cell (DCs) from asthmatic subjects, and their influence on naive T cell polarization. METHODS: Adherent cells were isolated from peripheral blood samples in asthmatic patients and in healthy volunteers, and were cultured with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-4 as immature DC (iDC). iDCs were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide as mature DC (mDCs). Nonadherent cells were obtained from umbilical cord blood by idem methods, and naïve T cells were sorted by adding anti-CD(4) and anti-CD(45RA) in nonadherent cells respectively and magnetic microbeads. Naïve T cells and mDCs from two groups were co-cultured in complete RPMI1640 media respectively, and naive T cells polarized as T helper cells 1 (Th1) and Th2. The expression of the CD(1a), CD(83), CD(40) and CD(86) on mature DCs were examined by fluorescent activated cell sorter. IL-12 and IL-10 released by mDCs and IL-4 and IFNgamma produced by Th cells were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: (1) The expression of CD(86) on dendritic cells from atopic asthmatics was higher than that from healthy control subjects (40.75 +/- 3.99 vs 29.88 +/- 1.25, P < 0.01). (2) The levels of IL-12, IL-12p40 and IL-10 produced by DCs from asthmatic subjects were all significantly lower than those from healthy control group (217.79 +/- 118.65 vs 905.66 +/- 495.32, P < 0.01; 2072.22 +/- 1496.37 vs 5569.43 +/- 2922.75, P < 0.01; 336.89 +/- 261.52 vs 1425.00 +/- 1148.87, P < 0.05, respectively). (3) IL-4 production by Th2 cells which were primed by DCs from asthmatics was significantly increased as compared to that from control group (368.56 +/- 190.72 vs 584.91 +/- 290.13, P < 0.01); On the contrary, IFNgamma in the patient group was reduced as compared to that in the control group (425.33 +/- 164.94 vs 49.86 +/- 18.14, P < 0.05). (4) In the patient group, the level of IL-12 was positively correlated to that of IFNgamma (P < 0.05), negatively correlated to that of IL-4 (P < 0.05); IL-10 was negatively correlated to IL-4 (P < 0.05). (5) There was a positive correlation between IL-12 and IL-10 in the two groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Because of DC deficiency, naïve T cells preferentially polarize to Th2 which synthesize more Th2-type cytokine (i.e. IL-4) and T cell tolerance cannot be induced, which may be one of the important pathogenic mechanisms for allergic asthma.
This article was published in Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi and referenced in Immunochemistry & Immunopathology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords