Author(s): Plunkett DJ, Dysart PS, Kardos TB, Herbison GP
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Abstract Tooth transposition is a positional interchange of two adjacent teeth. The most commonly transposed tooth is the permanent canine with either the first premolar or lateral incisor. The records of 54 subjects with transposed canines, both maxillary and mandibular, were collected. Pretreatment study models of these subjects were matched with a similar number of models from unaffected individuals. Bucco-lingual and mesio-distal tooth widths, arch depth and arch width were measured on each model. Thirty-four subjects (63 per cent) were female. Thirty-seven (68.5 per cent) of the cases involved the maxillary arch and thirty-three (89.2 per cent) of these upper arch transpositions were of the canine and first premolar. In cases involving the lower arch the canine was invariably transposed with the lateral incisor. Peg-shaped lateral incisors, supernumerary and/or congenitally absent teeth occurred in 19 subjects. There were some small, but significant differences in the dimensions of some teeth, however there were no statistically significant differences in arch depths, arch widths and most tooth dimensions in subjects with and without transposed canines. These factors do not appear to be related to the development of canine transposition.
This article was published in Br J Orthod
and referenced in Pediatric Dental Care