Author(s): ElHussein A
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Abstract In the first part of the paper, the factors affecting 222Rn properties in 25 different realistic living rooms (with low ventilation rates) of different houses in El-Minia City (Upper Egypt) have been studied; they included the activity concentration of 222Rn gas (C(o)), the unattached fraction (f(p)) of 218Po and 214Pb, the unattached potential alpha energy concentration (PAEC) and the equilibrium factor (F). The activity distributions of unattached 218Po and 214Pb as well as for the PAEC were determined. With a dosimetric model calculation [ICRP, 1994b. Human Respiratory Tract Model For Radiological Protection. Pergamon Press, Oxford. ICRP Publication 66] the total deposition fraction of unattached 218Po and 214Pb in human respiratory tract was evaluated to determine the total equivalent dose. An electrostatic precipitation method and a wire screen diffusion battery technique were both employed for the determination of 222Rn gas concentration and its unattached decay products, respectively. The mean activity concentration of 222Rn gas (C(o)) was found to be 110+/-20 Bq m(-3). The mean unattached activity concentrations of 218Po and 214Pb were found to be 0.6 and 0.35 Bq m(-3), respectively. A mean unattached fraction (f(p)) of 0.09+/-0.01 was obtained at a mean aerosol particle concentration (Z) of (2.9+/-0.23) x 10(3)cm(-3). The mean equilibrium factor (F) was determined to be 0.31+/-0.02. The mean PAEC of unattached 218Po and 214Pb was found to be 8.74+/-2.1 Bq m(-3). The activity distributions of 218Po and 214Pb show mean activity median diameters (AMD) of 1.5 and 1.85 nm with mean geometric standard deviations (SD) of 1.33 and 1.45, respectively. The mean activity distribution of the PAEC shows an AMD of 1.65 nm with a geometric standard deviation of 1.25. At a total deposition fraction of about 97\% the total equivalent dose to the lung was determined to be about 133 microSv. The second part of this paper deals with a study of natural radionuclide contents of samples collected from the building materials of the rooms under investigations in part one. Analyses were performed in Marinelli beakers with a gamma multichannel analyzer equipped with a NaI(Tl) detector. The samples revealed the presence of the uranium-radium and thorium radioisotopes as well as 40K. Nine gamma-lines of the natural radioisotopes corresponding to 212Pb, 214Pb, 214Bi, 228Ac, 40K and 208Tl were detected and measured. The activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were determined with mean activity concentrations of 58+/-19, 31+/-11 and 143+/-62 Bq kg(-1), respectively. These activities amount to a radium equivalent (Ra(eq)) of 113 Bq kg(-1) and to a mean value of external hazard index of 0.31.
This article was published in J Environ Radioact
and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology