Author(s): Egashira A, Murakami M, Haigo K, Horiuchi T, Kuramoto T
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To present the effectiveness of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using globozoospermic sperm and assisted oocyte activation by electrical stimulation. DESIGN: A case report. SETTING: A private IVF center in Japan. PATIENT(S): A man with globozoospermia. INTERVENTION(S): Acridine orange (AO) test, mouse oocyte activation test, and ICSI with electrical oocyte activation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fertilization, pregnancy, and live birth. RESULT(S): In the first ICSI attempt, neither of the two injected oocytes fertilized. Staining of the patient's sperm with AO showed that only 2.9\% of the sperm emitted a green fluorescence at the characteristic round head (sperm with native DNA content). The mouse oocyte activation test using the roundheaded sperm showed that the normal fertilization rate was 78.9\% when SrCl(2) was used for assisted oocyte activation; however, it was 6.0\% without assisted oocyte activation. We confirmed that the sperm had defective ability to activate oocytes. In the second ICSI attempt, human oocytes were activated electrically with use of a single square direct current pulse after microinjection. All the seven injected oocytes fertilized normally, and two eight-cell embryos were transferred on day 3. Clinical pregnancy was confirmed, and a healthy girl weighing 2362 g was delivered at 37 weeks of gestation by cesarean section. CONCLUSION(S): This is the first successful outcome of ICSI using globozoospermic sperm and electrical oocyte activation. The electroactivation obviates the need for the use of potentially harmful drugs for activation.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology