Author(s): Suykens JK, Van Gestel T, Vandewalle J, De Moor B
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Abstract In this paper, we present a simple and straightforward primal-dual support vector machine formulation to the problem of principal component analysis (PCA) in dual variables. By considering a mapping to a high-dimensional feature space and application of the kernel trick (Mercer theorem), kernel PCA is obtained as introduced by Scholkopf et al. (2002). While least squares support vector machine classifiers have a natural link with the kernel Fisher discriminant analysis (minimizing the within class scatter around targets +1 and -1), for PCA analysis one can take the interpretation of a one-class modeling problem with zero target value around which one maximizes the variance. The score variables are interpreted as error variables within the problem formulation. In this way primal-dual constrained optimization problem interpretations to the linear and kernel PCA analysis are obtained in a similar style as for least square-support vector machine classifiers.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Neural Netw
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology