alexa A systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
Healthcare

Healthcare

Journal of Health Education Research & Development

Author(s): PaulEbhohimhen VA, Poobalan A, van Teijlingen ER

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains of global significance and there is a need to target (a) the adolescent age-groups in which most new infections occur; and (b) sub-Saharan Africa where the greatest burden of the epidemic lies. A focused systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) in this age group was therefore conducted. METHODS: Searches were conducted in Medline, Embase, Cinahl and PsychINFO according to agreed a priori criteria for studies published between 1986 and 2006. Further searches were conducted in UNAIDS and WHO (World Health Organization) websites, and 'Google'. Relevant journals were hand-searched and references cited in identified articles were followed up. Data extraction and quality assessment was carried out on studies selected for full text appraisal, and results were analysed and presented in narrative format. RESULTS: Some 1,020 possible titles and abstracts were found, 23 full text articles were critically appraised, and 12 articles (10 studies) reviewed, reflecting the paucity of published studies conducted relative to the magnitude of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Knowledge and attitude-related outcomes were the most associated with statistically significant change. Behavioural intentions were more difficult to change and actual behaviour change was least likely to occur. Behaviour change in favour of abstinence and condom use appeared to be greatly influenced by pre-intervention sexual history. CONCLUSION: There is a great need in sub-Saharan Africa for well-evaluated and effective school-based sexual health interventions.
This article was published in BMC Public Health and referenced in Journal of Health Education Research & Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd World Congress on Health Economics Policy and Outcomes Research
    June 29-30, 2017 Madrid, Spain
  • 10th World Congress on Healthcare & Technologies
    July 17-18, 2017 Lisbon, Portugal

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords