Author(s): Krishnan RV
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Abstract There exists a dynamic relationship between the soma size of a motoneuron and its motor unit size. Adult motoneuron soma size can be experimentally increased if the neuron is allowed to innervate more muscle fibers than it normally innervates. In postnatal mammals a transition from polyneuronal to mononeuronal innervation of limb muscle fibers occurs which is temporally related to a plastic change in the perikaryal size. This lability of postnatal motoneuron size is temporally related to growth of synaptic connections on the motoneuron. In adult mammal, regenerating motor axons polyneuronally innervate the muscle fibers for a transient period. This hypothesis proposes that a plastic change in soma size occurs in these adult motoneurons. This short-lived labile state may revive the embryonic properties and evoke growth of synaptic boutons. Experimentally induced labile state in motoneuron pools and spinal ganglion neurons in the adult mammal should offer a basis for the study of mechanisms of synaptogenesis in the spinal cord.
This article was published in Int J Neurosci
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy