alexa A Virtual World Versus Face-to-Face Intervention Format to Promote Diabetes Self-Management Among African American Women: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Trials

Author(s): Rosal MC, Heyden R, Mejilla R, Capelson R, Chalmers KA,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Virtual world environments have the potential to increase access to diabetes self-management interventions and may lower cost. OBJECTIVE: We tested the feasibility and comparative effectiveness of a virtual world versus a face-to-face diabetes self-management group intervention. METHODS: We recruited African American women with type 2 diabetes to participate in an 8-week diabetes self-management program adapted from Power to Prevent, a behavior-change in-person group program for African Americans with diabetes or pre-diabetes. The program is social cognitive theory-guided, evidence-based, and culturally tailored. Participants were randomized to participate in the program via virtual world (Second Life) or face-to-face, both delivered by a single intervention team. Blinded assessors conducted in-person clinical (HbA1c), behavioral, and psychosocial measurements at baseline and 4-month follow-up. Pre-post differences within and between intervention groups were assessed using t tests and chi-square tests (two-sided and intention-to-treat analyses for all comparisons). RESULTS: Participants (N=89) were an average of 52 years old (SD 10), 60\% had ≤high school, 82\% had household incomes This article was published in JMIR Res Protoc and referenced in Journal of Clinical Trials

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