Author(s): Mingozzi F, Meulenberg JJ, Hui DJ, BasnerTschakarjan E, Hasbrouck NC,
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Abstract In a clinical trial for adeno-associated virus serotype 1 (AAV-1)-mediated gene transfer to muscle for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency, 1 subject from the high-dose cohort experienced a transient increase in the muscle enzyme creatine phosphokinase (CPK) 4 weeks after gene transfer. Simultaneously, after an initial downward trend consistent with expression of LPL, plasma triglyceride levels returned to baseline. We characterized B- and T-cell responses to the vector and the transgene product in the subjects enrolled in this study. IFN-gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) and intracellular cytokine staining assays performed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from the subject who experienced the CPK elevation showed the activation of capsid-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Four of 8 subjects had detectable T-cell responses to capsid with dose-dependent kinetics of appearance. Subjects with detectable T-cell responses to capsid also had higher anti-AAV-1 IgG3 antibody titer. No subject developed B- or T-cell responses to the LPL transgene product. These findings suggest that T-cell responses directed to the AAV-1 capsid are dose-dependent. Whether they also limit the duration of expression of the transgene at higher doses is unclear, and will require additional analyses at later time points.
This article was published in Blood
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy