Author(s): Hosoya Y, Ando S, Otani H, Yukinari T, Miyazaki M,
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Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filled coating material to arrest artificial enamel lesions in primary teeth. METHODS: Buccal and lingual enamel was demineralized in 0.1 M lactic acid buffer solution (pH 4.75) for 5 days and then divided in the PRG-applied and non-PRG areas. Proximal surfaces were used as a control area without demineralization and coating application. Teeth were divided into three groups (n = 4) according to the 1-week immersion in different solutions: Group 1 (distilled water), Group 2 (demineralizing solution) and Group 3 (artificial saliva). Hardness and Young's modulus by nano-indentation test, and elemental contents and ultrastructure by SEM/EDX analysis were obtained. Data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA and Fisher's PLSD at alpha = 0.05. RESULTS: Only for the non-PRG area in Group 1, the hardness and Young's modulus of the demineralized surface enamel were significantly lower than those of the enamel 30-60 microm beneath the surface. Demineralized enamel of non-PRG and PRG-applied areas showed similar SEM views. Only for the non-PRG area in Group 2 and control area in Group 3, the Ca/P of the surface enamel was significantly higher than that of the enamel 5-10 microm beneath the surface. There was no significant difference of the Ca/P among the measuring points from the surface to 10 microm depth of enamel for the PRG applied area in Group 2.
This article was published in Am J Dent
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta