Author(s): Gajewski TF, Fallarino F, Fields PE, Rivas F, Alegre ML
Abstract Share this page
Abstract To examine the role of CTLA-4 in controlling Ag-specific CD8(+) T cell activation, TCR-transgenic/CTLA-4 wild-type or -deficient mice were generated in a recombination-activating gene 2-deficient background. Naive T cells from these mice responded comparably whether or not CTLA-4 was expressed. In contrast, primed T cells responded more vigorously if they lacked CTLA-4 expression. We took advantage of the difference between naive and primed T cell responses to approach the mechanism of CTLA-4 function. Single-cell analyses demonstrated that a greater fraction of CTLA-4-deficient cells responded to a fixed dose of Ag compared with CTLA-4-expressing cells, whereas the magnitude of response per cell was comparable. A shift in the dose-response curve to APCs was also observed such that fewer APCs were required to activate CTLA-4-deficient T cells to produce intracellular IFN-gamma and to proliferate. These results suggest that CTLA-4 controls the threshold of productive TCR signaling. Biochemical analysis comparing stimulated naive and primed TCR-transgenic cells revealed no obvious differences in expression of total CTLA-4, tyrosine-phosphorylated CTLA-4, and associated Src homology domain 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase. Thus, the biochemical mechanism explaining the differential inhibitory effect of CTLA-4 on naive and primed CD8(+) T cells remains unclear.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology