alexa Absence of CTLA-4 lowers the activation threshold of primed CD8+ TCR-transgenic T cells: lack of correlation with Src homology domain 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Gajewski TF, Fallarino F, Fields PE, Rivas F, Alegre ML

Abstract Share this page

Abstract To examine the role of CTLA-4 in controlling Ag-specific CD8(+) T cell activation, TCR-transgenic/CTLA-4 wild-type or -deficient mice were generated in a recombination-activating gene 2-deficient background. Naive T cells from these mice responded comparably whether or not CTLA-4 was expressed. In contrast, primed T cells responded more vigorously if they lacked CTLA-4 expression. We took advantage of the difference between naive and primed T cell responses to approach the mechanism of CTLA-4 function. Single-cell analyses demonstrated that a greater fraction of CTLA-4-deficient cells responded to a fixed dose of Ag compared with CTLA-4-expressing cells, whereas the magnitude of response per cell was comparable. A shift in the dose-response curve to APCs was also observed such that fewer APCs were required to activate CTLA-4-deficient T cells to produce intracellular IFN-gamma and to proliferate. These results suggest that CTLA-4 controls the threshold of productive TCR signaling. Biochemical analysis comparing stimulated naive and primed TCR-transgenic cells revealed no obvious differences in expression of total CTLA-4, tyrosine-phosphorylated CTLA-4, and associated Src homology domain 2-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase. Thus, the biochemical mechanism explaining the differential inhibitory effect of CTLA-4 on naive and primed CD8(+) T cells remains unclear.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords