alexa Absence of GPIbalpha is responsible for aberrant membrane development during megakaryocyte maturation: ultrastructural study using a transgenic model.

Author(s): Poujol C, Ware J, Nieswandt B, Nurden AT, Nurden P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The glycoprotein Ib/IX/V complex (GPIb-IX-V) mediates platelet attachment to von Willebrand factor in exposed subendothelium. Molecular defects in the genes for GPIbalpha, GPIbbeta, and GPIX give rise to the Bernard-Soulier syndrome, in which thrombocytopenia and giant platelets suggest that this receptor also is involved in platelet production. To study how giant platelets are produced in vivo, we used a model of GPIbalpha-deficient mice (GPIbalpha(null)) and mice rescued with the human GPIbalpha transgene (GPIbalpha(null;hTg)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using electron microscopy and immunogold labeling, we examined megakaryocytopoiesis in the bone marrow of these mice and developed a method to quantify the membranes of megakaryocytes (MK) and proplatelets by computer analysis. RESULTS: Abnormal membrane development in the perinuclear zone was found in immature MK of GPIbalpha(null) mice. This led to a poorly developed demarcation membrane system and other ultrastructural changes. As a result, well-organized platelet territories were rarely seen within the cytoplasm of mature MK. Membrane quantification confirmed that MK of GPIbalpha(null) mice had a reduced internal membrane pool. Whereas these MK normally crossed the endothelial barrier, their migration was accompanied by the production of unusually large MK fragments or proplatelets in the vascular sinus with an approximately 50\% decrease in internal membrane content compared to wild-type. In the rescued GPIbalpha(null;hTg) model, GPIbalpha was normally localized in MK, and there was a total correction of the ultrastructural defects. CONCLUSIONS: GPIbalpha is essential for membrane development and distribution in maturing MK. Its absence leads to abnormal partitioning of the membrane systems and abnormal proplatelet production.
This article was published in Exp Hematol and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version