alexa Absence of inducible nitric oxide synthase reduces myocardial damage during ischemia reperfusion in streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic mice.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Marfella R, Di Filippo C, Esposito K, Nappo F, Piegari E

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We investigated the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) on ischemic myocardial damage and angiogenic process in genetically deficient iNOS (iNOS(-/-)) mice and wild-type littermates (iNOS(+/+)), with and without streptozotocin-induced (70 mg/kg intravenously) diabetes. After ischemia (25 min) and reperfusion (120 min), both iNOS(+/+) and iNOS(-/-) diabetic mice (blood glucose 22 mmol/l) had myocardial infarct size greater than their respective nondiabetic littermates (P < 0.01). Myocardial infarct size (P < 0.05), apoptotic index (P < 0.005), and tissue levels of tumor necrosis factor (P < 0.01), interleukin-6 (P < 0.01), and interleukin-18 (P < 0.01) were higher in nondiabetic iNOS(-/-) mice compared with nondiabetic iNOS(+/+) mice. As compared with diabetic iNOS(-/-) mice, diabetic iNOS(+/+) mice showed a greater infarct size (P < 0.01) associated with the highest tissue levels of nitrotyrosine and proinflammatory cytokines, as well as apoptosis. The beneficial role of iNOS in modulating defensive responses against ischemia/reperfusion injury seems to be abolished in diabetic mice.

This article was published in Diabetes. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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