alexa Absolute bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of valsartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, in man.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Flesch G, Mller P, Lloyd P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The pharmacokinetics of orally and intravenously administered valsartan were determined in two studies. In a first pilot study, three i.v. doses of valsartan were given in an ascending manner (5, 10 and 20 mg) to evaluate tolerability and basic pharmacokinetics of the i.v. formulation. In a second study, the absolute bioavailability of 80 mg valsartan from a capsule and a buffered solution was compared with a 20 mg i.v. dose. METHODS: The concentrations of valsartan in plasma and urine were measured using HPLC. The disposition of valsartan after an i.v. dose was characterized by biphasic decay kinetics, with a distribution phase (half-life 1.0 h), followed by a longer elimination phase (half-life 9.5 h). The volume of distribution at steady state was 16.9 l, and the total body clearance 2.2 l.h-1. 29\% of the i.v. dose was recovered unchanged in the urine. RESULTS: Plasma levels peaked 2 h after oral administration of the 80 mg capsule. Thereafter, plasma levels declined biexponentially with a terminal t1/2 of 7.0 h. Cmax was reached 1 h after administration of the solution, and t1/2 was 7.5 h. On average 7.3\% (capsule) and 12.6\% (solution) of the dose was excreted in the urine as the unchanged drug. The fraction of dose absorbed and systemically available after oral administration was 0.23 for the capsule and 0.39 for the solution, based on AUC. Absorption appeared to follow two first-order processes. The first phase was rapid, with a half-life of 0.5 h and 0.9 h for solution and capsule, respectively. The slower absorption phase was characterized by a half-life of 6.5 h for the solution and 3.5 h for the capsule. Most of the drug was absorbed during the period 0.4 h to 3 h post-dosing, and 90\% of the fraction absorbed from the capsule was absorbed within 5 h.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords