alexa Acceleration of idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) in the absence of donor MIP-1 alpha (CCL3) after allogeneic BMT in mice.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): PanoskaltsisMortari A, Hermanson JR, Taras E, Wangensteen OD, Serody JS,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in humans. We developed a murine IPS model in which lethal pre-BMT conditioning and allogeneic T cells results in the recruitment of host monocytes and then donor T cells into the lung by day 7 after BMT, concomitant with development of severe lung dysfunction. We reported the T cell-dependent production of the T cell-attracting chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in the lungs of such recipient mice. We reasoned that MIP-1 alpha might be a critical mediator of IPS. Lethally conditioned mice received transplants of major histocompatibility complex-disparate marrow and either wild-type (MIP-1 alpha(+/+)) or knockout (MIP-1 alpha(-/-)) spleen cells. Recipients of MIP-1 alpha(-/-) cells exhibited accelerated mortality and a decrease in specific compliance that appeared earlier than in recipients of MIP-1 alpha(+/+) cells. Donor CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell expansion was increased in the spleens of recipients of MIP-1 alpha(-/-) cells. Lungs of recipients of MIP-1 alpha(-/-) cells had earlier recruitment of both T-cell subsets by day 3 after BMT, concomitant with the influx of cells expressing the cytolysins granzymes A and B. Monocyte recruitment was not altered. Levels of inflammatory cytokines were not increased and levels of T cell-attracting chemokines were decreased. The level of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin 13 (IL-13) was lower in the serum and lungs of recipients of MIP-1 alpha(-/-) cells, indicating a skewing toward a more inflammatory T helper cell type 1 (Th1) cytokine milieu. Donor-derived MIP-1 alpha may play a role in allogeneic-induced IPS by limiting aggressive expansion of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. This article was published in Blood and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords