alexa Acceptance of generalizations based on inductive and deductive evidence.
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Journal of Mass Communication & Journalism

Author(s): Podeschi Denise M, Wyer Robert S

Abstract Share this page

88 college students (judges) indicated their acceptance of generalizations of the form "A's verb B's" on the basis of information about whether the relation held between individual instances of A and B (inductive evidence) or whether it held between more general classes of elements to which A and B belonged (deductive evidence). Evidence was specific to either the subject or the object of the proposition to be judged. Generalizations were more readily accepted on the basis of inductive than deductive evidence. The acceptance of generalization based on inductive evidence appeared to depend in large part on judges' assumptions about the implicit quantifiers (e.g., "all" and "some") of the categories described in the these propositions, whereas the acceptance of generalizations based on deductive evidence depended on whether the definitions of these categories were interpreted as disjunctive or conjunctive. In some instances, the acceptance of generalizations about affective relations appeared to be based on different criteria than was the acceptance of generalizations about overt behavior. Specifically, these criteria appeared similar to those used as a basis for making evaluations of objects in an impression formation task. A general positivity bias was also detected. Results are generally consistent with those obtained in an earlier study by R. P. Abelson and D. E. Kanouse (1966); however, they clarified the reasons for these earlier findings and, in some instances, suggested contingencies in their occurrence.

This article was published in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and referenced in Journal of Mass Communication & Journalism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords