alexa Access of soluble antigens to the endoplasmic reticulum can explain cross-presentation by dendritic cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Ackerman AL, Kyritsis C, Tamp R, Cresswell P

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Abstract In dendritic cells (DCs), peptides derived from internalized particulate substrates are efficiently cross-presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Exogenous soluble antigens are also presented by DCs but with substantially lower efficiency. Here we show that particulate and soluble antigens use different transport pathways. Particulate antigens have been shown to access peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-like phagosomes that are competent for cross-presentation, whereas we show here that soluble proteins that escape proteolysis enter the lumen of the ER. From there, they may be translocated into the cytosol by the pathway established for ER-associated degradation and their derived peptides may be transported back into the ER for binding by MHC class I molecules. MHC class I presentation involving the constitutive retrograde transport of soluble proteins to the ER by DCs may facilitate DC tolerance to components of their extracellular environment. This article was published in Nat Immunol and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access

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